Vienna, 23rd District: Liesing
The 23rd and last district of Vienna is called Liesing and off the nomenclature with district numbers that spiral out from the first to the last; Liesing is simply somewhere on the edge, south of the 13th and West of the 12th. It spreads from the outskirts of the Vienna Woods to the plain of the Wiener Becken, an area that was once occupied by several villages and extensive vineyards.
This idyllic picture is a challenge for the imagination of every visitor to modern Liesing: Ignoring the villa neighbourhoods at the Vienna Woods, Liesing consists mostly of highways, vast commercial areas, ugly apartment blocks, more highways and shopping centres.
Nevertheless, Liesing looks back on a lot of history: The oldest written record dates back to 1000 A.D. Over centuries, there were only farmhouses, mills and a local castle. Most of this was destroyed by Turkish troops in 1529 and then again in 1683. Life on the countryside finally ended in the 19th century, when factories opened in Liesing and transformed the social structure of the area.
Liesing: Some History, but almost no Sightseeing
Back then, there was a division in two villages: Unterliesing and Oberliesing (Upper and Lower Liesing). Both were incorporated into Vienna by the Nazis in 1938, but returned to Lower Austria after WWII. There were some arguments between the allies and the Austrian post-war government whether or not surrounding districts should be part of Vienna or not - in 1954, these arguments were settled and Liesing finally became a part of the capital again.
In terms of sightseeing, Liesing has very little to offer. It is urban, commercial and mostly unattractive; the residential areas have a somewhat claustrophobic suburban flavour. There is the very famous Wotruba church designed by the Austrian artist Fritz Wotruba in the 1960ies - a sculpture rather than a house. Three local castles - Schloss Liesing, Schloss Rodaun (next to the Bergkirche Rodaun) and Schloss Alterlaa - are interesting, but nothing much to shout about.
Note also the park of Alt-Erlaa and the villa Hofmannsthal-Schlössl. If you want to learn more about Liesing (I assume you don′t, unless you happen to live there), the district′s museum is the best place to go.
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Sightseeing Guides to Vienna's Districts
District Overview - 1st District (Innere Stadt) - 2nd District (Leopoldstadt) - 3rd District (Landstraße) - 4th District (Wieden) - 5th District (Margareten) - 6th District (Mariahilf) - 7th District (Neubau) - 8th District (Josefstadt) - 9th District (Alsergrund) - 10th District (Favoriten) - 11th District (Simmering) - 12th District (Meidling) - 13th District (Hietzing) - 14th District (Penzing) - 15th District (Fünfhaus) - 16th District (Ottakring) - 17th District (Hernals) - 18th District (Währing) - 19th District (Döbling) - 20th District (Brigittenau) - 21st District (Floridsdorf) - 22nd District (Donaustadt) - 23rd District (Liesing)